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New study says musical training gives the brain a crucial advantage especially at an early age

Neurologists have found that both perfect pitch, the ability to identify a note simply by the sound, and musical training in general led to greater functional connectivity between the regions of the brain.

By using state of the art methods of assessing the synchronized activity between brain hemispheres and regions, Simon Leipold and the other researchers found “robust effects of musicianship in inter-and intrahemispheric connectivity in both structural and functional networks.” The trial consisted of 153 female and male participants; 52 perfect pitch musicians, 51 non-perfect pitch musicians, and 50 non-musicians.

The authors of the corresponding paper, who are neurologists at the University of Zurich and at Stanford wrote, “Crucially, most of the effects were replicable in both musicians with and without absolute pitch when compared to non-musicians. However, we did not find evidence for an effect of [perfect] pitch on intrinsic functional or structural connectivity in our data: The two musician groups showed strikingly similar networks across all analyses.”

Too add to this, they also found that musical training at a young age produces stronger structural connections meaning the connections that help distinct areas of the brain work together to perform complex cognitive tasks.

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